The Czech Republic is located in central Europe and despite its diminutive size, it boasts a great profusion of stunning attractions - both natural and man made. Formed of the two main areas of Bohemia and Moravia, it boasts gorgeous landscapes of soaring mountain ranges, dense and ancient forests, lakes rivers and networks of caves. The Czech Republic has experienced a long and hugely chequered history during which it has been a part of the Bohemian Empire and the Austro Hungarian Empire before latterly becoming a half of Czechoslovakia and then experiencing German occupation followed by a half century behind the iron curtain. This varied and sometimes troubled history has left in its wake a veritable treasure trove of stunning historic cities, castles and ancient chateaus. This is a country that richly rewards exploration and return visits.
The capital of The Czech Republic and its most visited destination is Prague - a stunning achievement of gothic and baroque architecture and a place with an exuberant spirit and vibrant nightlife. There are many other stunning historic destinations well worth visiting though, including the cities of Brno, Ceske Budejovice, Cesky Krumlov and Olomouc. Lovers of the great outdoors will relish the Bohemian landscapes of regions like Cesky Raj which is dotted with ancient villages and spectacular castles.
When: The Czech Republic is lovely in the summer months when rainfall is rare and the temperature regularly pushes above 30ºC.
Where: Be sure to check out Brno - the capital of Moravia and a city with a dense and fascinating history as well as a vibrant cosmopolitain culture. It boasts a large and well preserved historic centre as well as a number of great museums.
Why: Brno is a great destination for sightseers and history enthusiasts. It has three castle - Spilberk, Veveri and Lisen - a stunning network of catacombs and a beautiful gothic cathedral. It is also much less busy than Prague and is surrounded by beautiful countryside.
When: The Czech Republic's continental climate makes for long, dry summers. Visit in June or July or - if you're keen on missing the peak crowds - in the late spring when the weather is already very pleasant.
Where: Prague is not to be missed. It is a beautiful city with such historic attractions as Tyn Church, Hradcany Castle, the Charles Bridge and Wenceslas Square. It is also renowned for its fantastic nightlife and its huge number of bars and clubs.
Why: In recent years, Prague has come to be one of the most popular group holiday destinations in Europe. Set on the banks of the Vlatva River, it is a beautiful setting and is a fine spot in which to sample the country's fine beers!
When: When you decide to visit The Czech Republic depends on whether you're bothered by crowds of tourists or not. The summer months are definitely the nicest but the spring is still pleasant and tourist spots are relatively uncrowded.
Where: Cesky Krumlov is a stunning little town and a world Heritage site in its entirety. Surrounded by beautiful mountainous landscapes, it has changed very little since the 18th century and is an excellent destination for a romantic getaway.
Why: There is lots to see in Cesky Krumlov including the stunning castle and baroque town square. Its also possible to go boating down the Vlatva River and horse riding in the surrounding countryside.
When: Prague makes a great summer holiday destination with its beautiful scenery and great selection of outdoor sports facilities.
Where: The region of Cesky Raj - affectionately known as the Bohemian Paradise - is a fine destination for a summer holiday. It is just outside Prague allowing you to combine a holiday of outdoors pursuits with a spot of sightseeing.
Why: Cesky Raj is bound to appeal to children and parents alike. It offers dense forests, rolling hills and pretty lakes where you can enjoy a range of water sports. Other outdoors pursuits in the region include hiking, cycling, rock climbing and paragliding.
The Czech Republic experiences a continental climate with long hot summers and very cold winters. Mid summer temperatures regularly push above 30ºC and are followed by mild and dry autumns before the bitter chills of the winter arrive. By mid November the temperatures are regularly plunging below 0ºC and there are annual subzero averages between December and February. The climate varies a great deal depending on the altitude with the highest peaks experiencing sub zero averages throughout the year whilst Prague and the lowlands are a great deal warmer.
Average monthly Temperature C
What to expect
The Czech Republic is a stunning country with a rich and varied landscape of forests, mountains and lakes peppered with the odd medieval castle or ancient village. Since its dramatic reemergence on the tourist map after the iron curtain came down, it has become primarily associated with its stunning capital city and its fantastic (and cheap) local beers. There is however much more to The Czech Republic. You could explore the ancient Moravian capital of Brno or any of its many other historic cities. The Czech Republic also offers a rich and distinctive cuisine with excellent soups and stews as well as many delicious meat and fish dishes and a great selection of local wines.
Flight InformationFlights available from:
Birmingham, London City, London Gatwick, London Heathrow, London Stansted, ManchesterAirlines:
Aer Lingus, Aeroflot, Air Baltic, Air France, Air Serbia, Alitalia, Austrian Airlines, British Airways, Brussels Airlines, CSA Czech Airlines, EasyJet, Finnair, FlyBE, Germanwings, Iberia, Japan Airlines, Jet2.com, KLM, LOT, Lufthansa, Norwegian, Rya